Romania has joined the EU in January 2007 and became the largest exporter of workers in the EU by 20191. The massive migration of working-age citizens has not only created labour shortages throughout the country, but also led to a steeply increasing demand for PHS, as the absence of potential carers makes family care impossible.

While the social service workforce is lower than one per cent of the country’s total workforce, many Romanian women have joined the ranks of undeclared carers abroad. Under these circumstances, personal care services organised at the municipal level remain restricted to the most vulnerable groups.

List of PHS Stakeholders





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