The German welfare state, built around the male breadwinner model, has come under increasing pressure. In order to address the replacement needs of the economy, women are encouraged to join the labour force. Yet, the sole, usually male, breadwinner model remains dominant. Consequently, instead of modifying tax incentives that support this model, policies aim to make outsourcing women’s traditional tasks to third parties more attractive. Childcare facilities have undergone an unprecedented expansion and tax incentives have been introduced to support employment of PHS workers by households. However, the employment relationships thus created remain precarious and not necessarily more attractive than undeclared work, which still represents the bulk of PHS in Germany.


List of PHS Stakeholders

Allianz haushaltsnahe Dienstleistungswirtschaft

Bundesverband haushaltsnaher Dienstleistungs-Unternehmen (BHDU)

Berufsverband Hauswirtschaft

Bundesministerium für Familie, Senioren, Frauen und Jugend (BMFSFJ)/ Referat 412 - Arbeitsmarkt

Bundesverband hauswirtschaftlicher Berufe MdH e.V.  

Deutsche Rentenversicherung Knappschaft-Bahn-See; Minijob-Zentrale

Deutscher Hauswirtschaftsrat

DGB (Deutsche Gewerkschaftsbund) Bundesvorstand/ Abteilung Arbeitsmarktpolitik