The Czech Republic
The Czech Republic can be characterised as a post-communist welfare regime, where a gradual transition from institutional care to home care is taking place. However, the professionalisation level of PHS is rather low. According to estimates by official sources, about 80 per cent of the care work is provided informally, with recipients representing about 3.4 per cent of the Czech population.
At present, care work at home is mainly provided in the unpaid sphere, mostly by daughters and spouses. While demographic changes combined with increasing labour mobility represent a crucial challenge under these circumstances, the availability of rather high cash benefits for dependent persons makes alternative solutions feasible.